Hypergammaglobinemic Purpura of Waldenstrom Associated with Sjogren’s Syndrome: Case Report and Review of the Immunologic Aspects of the Disease
Since its first description, fewer than 150 cases of benign hypergammaglobulinemic purpura of Waldeström have been reported. There is a preponderance of females with this disorder, which is characterized by long-standing purpuric vasculitic lesions usually in the lower extremities, increased sedimentation rate, anemia, leukopenia, and hyperglobulinemia with a normal clotting process. Numerous associations have been shown between this and other systemic disorders such as Sjögren’s syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, a rheumatoid arthritis. A 40-year-old woman is described who had an 18-year history of recurrent purpura and increased IgG levels. Skin biopsy showed acute vasculitis, and immunofluorescent study revealed fibrinogen precipitation and C3 deposition. Serologic evaluation demonstrated the presence of rheumatoid factor and antinuclear antibodies (1:80). Raji assay showed increased circulating immune complexes, and the T cell subsets were normal. The purpura was associated with symptoms and physical findings of Sjögren’s syndrome. On the basis of serologic and skin biopsy findings, an autoimmune origin of the disease is postulated.
PMID: 3766605 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]