Tarsal tunnel decompression in leg lengthening and deformity correction of the foot and ankle.
Decompression of the tarsal tunnel has been performed since the 1960s and has resulted in variable outcomes. The success rate of this procedure has ranged from 44% to 95%. We review the anatomy of the tarsal tunnel region and offer a detailed surgical approach for the decompression of its contents. We also discuss the role of this procedure in leg lengthening and deformity correction of the foot and ankle.